Why does pressure increase in osteochondrosis of the cervical region and what are the risks of developing hypertension?

The main danger of cervical osteochondrosis, which makes it stand out against other diseases of the musculoskeletal system, is a huge list of associated pathologies. Problems with the spine in the neck are often associated with other, no less dangerous ailments that develop on the background of pinching the nerve or deteriorating blood supply to the brain. One of the most common disorders is an increase in blood pressure. Many patients do not notice the relationship between these two deviations, considering them to be independent diseases. However, it is often the problems in the neck that lead to sharp pressure surges. Having got rid of pinching, you can forget for a long time about the pressure in case of cervical osteochondrosis.

Why does the pressure increase?

Osteochondrosis invariably causes deformities of the vertebrae. Particularly affected intervertebral discs, designed to absorb the load and relieve discomfort. Since vital vessels that supply the brain with nutrients and oxygen pass through the cervical region, the work of the arteries is disrupted from degenerative processes in the vertebral discs. Because of this, not getting the necessary elements, some parts of the brain begin to work worse. Particularly affected is the medulla, which is responsible for adjusting blood pressure. As a result of hypoxia, it does not cope with the functions entrusted to it, sends signals to raise the pressure in order to compensate for the lack of the necessary elements.

The problem can also be caused by insufficient blood flow in the vertebral artery, which is due to its pinching or narrowing of the spinal column. The body is trying to fill the lack of nutrition with the help of other vessels, increasing the load on them just by increasing the blood pressure.

How does hypertension manifest itself in osteochondrosis?

Increased pressure in osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is accompanied by other symptoms:

  1. Headache It is especially pronounced if a person works at a computer for a long time and hard, with papers. The pain is localized in the back of the head or can concentrate on only one side of the head.
  2. Palpitations. At the same time, breathing becomes more measured and deep.
  3. Bouts of vertigo. They become more frequent and often border on the pre-unconscious state.
  4. Decreased memory and performance.

Some patients complain that hypertension is accompanied by deterioration of vision, pain in the eye area, increased irritability of extraneous sounds. It depends on exactly which area of ​​the brain does not receive nutrients. Any of these symptoms is a clear sign of a problem in the neck.

In rare cases, an increase in blood pressure in cervical osteochondrosis is not accompanied by any symptoms. This is quite dangerous, since the person does not even suspect the developing pathology right up to the critical moment. Therefore, from time to time each person should measure the pressure in himself - his increase will serve as a serious signal about the pathological process in the body.


It is not so easy to determine that an increase in blood pressure is a consequence of cervical osteochondrosis. To do this, the doctor carefully analyzes other symptoms, prescribes a comprehensive examination. If the patient complains about other signs characteristic of this disease, an x-ray or MRI is immediately prescribed to find the root cause of this disorder.

How to relieve pressure

Pressure surges in cervical osteochondrosis can be stopped by traditional methods. To do this, take vasodilating drugs that reduce their tone and increase the lumen. These can be Trental, Papaverine, Drotaverin, belonging to the vasodilator group. Perhaps the use of Nifedipine and Verapamil - popular representatives of calcium antagonists. Such drugs are only a temporary measure that helps reduce the risks and improve the patient's well-being, until they managed to get rid of the root cause of the symptom. It makes no sense to simply eliminate the pressure and at the same time ignore the treatment of osteochondrosis. The problem will only get worse and will soon lead to a critical condition of the patient requiring emergency measures.

Increased pressure in osteochondrosis of the cervical spine should be treated comprehensively. The main task - to establish blood circulation in the neck. For this purpose, the administration of medications that reduce inflammation and promote the restoration of cartilage tissue is prescribed. To cope with a sharp increase in blood pressure helps daily gymnastics, which aims to strengthen the muscular frame and improve blood circulation. Replace the traditional exercise therapy can be specialized complex "Healthy back" or swimming. Massage helps to improve well-being - even a light stroking of the neck improves blood flow to the brain, which helps to reduce pressure. Good results are obtained by a course of physiotherapy, which improves metabolism and vascular function in the neck.

The optimal treatment complex will be selected for you by the doctor. Self-medication for this condition can aggravate the condition and lead to irreversible consequences.

Swimming affects all muscle groups, including the muscles of the neck, which strengthens the musculoskeletal body.

Yoga is essentially the same set of therapeutic exercises that help strengthen the muscles and skeleton.

Acupuncture is not a traditional oriental medicine that acts on the acupuncture points responsible for the health of the cervical area.

Hirudotherapy - treatment with leeches contributes to the expansion of blood vessels, the dissolution of blood clots and the strengthening of the walls of blood vessels, which helps to eliminate pinching of nerve endings in the neck.

Injections are made with only one purpose - to relieve pain, but they do not cure the disease itself. After the injections it is necessary to undergo physical therapy courses.

Drug treatment can instantly relieve pain and stop inflammation, but the disease itself cannot be cured with pills.

Manual therapy relieves muscle tension, improves blood circulation and helps release trapped nerve endings.

Physical therapy for cervical osteochondrosis strengthens the musculoskeletal body. But it is very important to do the exercises correctly so as not to hurt yourself even more.

Massage as a mandatory therapy is prescribed by almost all doctors. Massage stimulates blood circulation, strengthens muscles and returns former mobility.

Causes of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine

There is no single prerequisite for the development of a degenerative-dystrophic disease such as cervical osteochondrosis. The emergence of pathological changes in the vertebrae of the cervical segment contributes to a number of factors:

  • lack of physical activity and the need for a long time in a sitting position,
  • spinal curvature,
  • mechanical injuries
  • congenital anomalies and defects in the development of the spine,
  • muscle tension due to harsh working conditions
  • biological aging of the body
  • hormonal imbalance and disruption of the normal course of metabolic processes,
  • wearing poor-quality shoes that affect posture,
  • frequent stress and nervous exhaustion.

Doctors note that the process of degenerative changes in intervertebral discs starts from the very birth of a person and lasts until his death.

Therefore, the topic of osteochondrosis of the cervical region is relevant for patients of very different age categories, although, according to official statistics, it most often concerns the older generation.

Effect of cervical osteochondrosis on blood pressure

Osteochondrosis, interconnected with hypertension, is an extremely severe form of the disease, which is difficult to medication. A pathological condition arises as a result of a narrowing or complete overlap of the lumen of the vertebral arteries of the neck by an external factor, which is the result of the deformation of the vertebral body. At the same time, the amount of blood flowing to the brain significantly decreases, and a pronounced symptom of oxygen starvation of cerebral tissues occurs.

The first signs of an increase in pressure in osteochondrosis of the cervical region are:

  • pains in the head, which are aggravated after excitement or mental labor,
  • dizziness,
  • drowsiness,
  • general weakness and disability,
  • nausea,
  • increased heart rate.

After the appearance of changes in blood circulation, the body tries to compensate for these disorders by activating workarounds for normal blood flow. Over time, this process leads to an increase in pressure in these vessels and the development of hypertension.

At the initial stages of the development of the disease in patients there are complaints of headaches and dizziness that can haunt a person for several years. As a rule, people who suffer from mild forms of cervical osteochondrosis do not even know about the true nature of the disorders in their bodies, therefore they prefer to escape with painkillers or simply to endure pain.

At the stage of the expanded clinical picture, the general condition of the patients worsens, and the following symptoms come to the fore:

  • intense headaches, resembling a migraine in nature,
  • frequent dizzy spells with faintness,
  • severe nausea and frequent vomiting,
  • "Flies" before the eyes, as a sign of increased blood pressure,
  • pain in the cervical segment of the spine,
  • impaired sensitivity in the distal upper extremities,
  • memory impairment
  • decrease in working capacity.

As a rule, pressure fluctuations of up to 160/110 mm Hg are observed in cervical osteochondrosis. Art.

Physical activity and stressful situations are provoking factors for the development of this state.

Often, these patients have hypertensive crises that need emergency treatment.

Complications from a combination of diseases

Compression of the cervical vessels and increased blood pressure in addition to the main symptoms of the disease provoke a number of complications over time, the development mechanism of which is based on ischemic cerebral tissues, aggravated by a violation of the normal venous outflow from the brain. High pressure in this case contributes to the opening of the shunts between the arteries and veins and creates additional stress on the part of the venous blood flow.

The development of complications from a combination of the two diseases is associated with impaired cerebral circulation, loss of the normal configuration of the vessels, narrowing of their lumen and more intense damage to the inner wall by atherosclerotic raids. As a result of the described pathological processes, a change in the rheological properties of the blood and a defect of microcirculation occurs, which gives rise to a number of complications, namely:

  • ischemic and hemorrhagic cerebral strokes,
  • frequent hypertensive crises,
  • cardiovascular pathologies associated with myocardial ischemia,
  • encephalopathy,
  • transient ischemic attacks,
  • gross violations of memory and thinking.

The combination of osteochondrosis and hypertension is a formidable “cocktail”, ignoring the symptoms of which can cause a patient’s disability and even death.

Treatment options

Hypertension in osteochondrosis of the cervical spine can be treated on an outpatient basis and in a specialized hospital.

The choice of therapeutic tactics depends on several factors, namely the severity of the disease, the presence of concomitant diseases, the individual characteristics of the organism, and the like.

The pressure surges in cervical osteochondrosis respond well to antihypertensive therapy, with which you can normalize blood pressure, set a constant pulse and prevent exacerbations of the pathological condition.

Treatment of osteochondrosis with hypertension consists of several main stages:

  • elimination of the manifestations of high blood pressure and improvement of the blood supply to the brain tissues with the help of antihypertensive and vasodilating drugs;
  • the use of muscle relaxants to relieve spasm of the muscles of the cervical spine,
  • reduction of edema, which allows to improve blood circulation and stop pain.

It is important to remember that hypertension is a contraindication to physiotherapy techniques used in osteochondrosis. That is why, before embarking on a massage, manual therapy or acupuncture, it is necessary to normalize blood pressure indicators. (You can read more about different types of massage for hypertension here). After elimination of the main symptoms of arterial hypertension, patients are recommended special therapeutic exercises, each exercise which is aimed at strengthening the muscular-ligamentous apparatus, which will keep the spine in the correct position, and improve blood flow through the cervical vessels.

Home treatment of the disease does not imply a waiver of medical care. Naturally, the popular method of reducing pressure has the right to exist, but it is better if it is agreed with an experienced and qualified specialist.

How and why cervical osteochondrosis affects blood pressure

Osteochondrosis is associated with the destruction of intervertebral discs, gradually spreads to the vertebral bodies, affects the joints and ligaments. And it arises due to the impact of certain factors:

  • age changes
  • spinal injuries
  • bad posture
  • congenital abnormalities of the spine,
  • immune auto-aggression against connective tissue,
  • heavy physical exertion
  • sedentary work,
  • long stay in the same pose
  • constant monotonous movements (work on the conveyor),
  • violation of the blood supply to the spine.

All this leads to the development of the process of degeneration of the disk core. Gradually, it loses moisture, dries, dies. Because of this, the discs no longer fulfill their role as shock absorbers. Their height decreases - and the pressure on the fibrous ring rises. As a result, it loses its shape and density. And this leads to the loss of the strength of the connection of the adjacent vertebrae, they shift and squeeze the nerves and vessels passing through the vertebral canals. The neck starts to bleed, shoulders, arms and head ache. But the worst thing is that many simply do not attach any importance to this.

Headache is perfectly attributed to fatigue, stress. Pain in the neck and shoulder girdle - the fact that somewhere in a draft stretched or excessive physical exertion. And they turn to the doctor when the pathological process becomes irreversible. And patients complain that:

  • head splits
  • hands go numb
  • nausea and sometimes vomiting
  • in the ears of noise, and before my eyes black dots flicker.

At pressure measurement the sad picture comes to light. It can be increased or decreased. Often, low normal pressure (100-110 at 70-80) develops due to the fact that the body initially responded to the vasospasm by decreasing the volume of circulating blood. So it creates the deceptive impression that everything is not so bad. But in fact it is a very alarming symptom. After all, cervical osteochondrosis leads to:

  1. Hypoxia. There is too little oxygen in the small volume of circulating blood.Its lack leads to the destruction of brain cells. There is a circulatory encephalopathy.
  2. The destruction of blood vessels. Due to the fact that the walls of blood vessels are constantly in tone, the lumen of blood vessels is narrowed, and this contributes to the formation of atherosclerotic plaques. The walls lose elasticity, become brittle, platelets begin to collapse and clog an already narrowed vascular bed. But the worst thing is that because of this, the likelihood of a stroke increases.
  3. Disruption of nutrition of all organs and systems. Not only the brain suffers from a lack of blood supply, it lacks the glucose necessary for its work. There is a shortage of vital micro and macro elements to all organs, but first and foremost to the endocrine glands. The hormonal balance is disturbed, which leads to aggravation of hypertension, the development of obesity.
  4. Constant pain, because of which it is impossible to work.

All these changes are due to the compression of the vertebral artery. The venous blood circulation can also be impaired when blood stagnates due to veins squeezed by the vertebrae.

But the most terrible thing is that osteochondrosis is incurable. You can only improve the patient's condition for a while. And the duration of this period depends on how much the patient cares about his health and adheres to the recommendations of the doctor.

What to do with cervical osteochondrosis

Does the neck hurt, the head, hands as if beating with current, are your fingers cold? You can not lose time, you should contact a vertebrologist, a neuropathologist, a reflexologist. The specialist will schedule an examination:

  • blood test (general, biochemical, for rheumatic factor),
  • X-ray in 3 projections
  • MRI,
  • rheoencephalography.

Sometimes they can send for consultation to the oculist in order that he looked the fundus of the eye. The presence of angiopathy, changes in the vascular bed will clearly show the depth of the problem.

And when the diagnosis is confirmed, the doctor will prescribe the appropriate treatment - therapy for the spine and the normalization of pressure.

How to treat cervical osteochondrosis

It is impossible to fully recover from this disease. And when manual therapists tell that they will be cured in a few weeks, then such pseudo-doctors will have to run. All procedures, medications will help only for a while. After all, osteochondrosis leads to irreversible pathological changes. And the restoration of a more or less normal working condition does not take place within a few weeks. Improvement is observed after several months of intensive treatment.

To get rid of pain, restore blood circulation, the doctor prescribes:

  1. Physiotherapy. Helps electrophoresis with novocaine and potassium iodine, darsonval neck and scalp, warming up.
  2. Massage of the neck and neck area. It should not be very intense. The procedure is carried out for 2 weeks, then a break is required. In some cases, you can do the massage yourself, but you need to first learn this from a specialist.
  3. Balneotherapy Turpentine baths help with cervical osteochondrosis. Now there are special solutions (yellow, white, etc), only the doctor should select the necessary component. For example, white turpentine is suitable for hypotensive.
  4. Anesthesia. Prescribed intramuscular analgesics, mainly diclofenac. This drug not only relieves pain, but also reduces inflammation. If the injections do not help, they can prescribe a dropper with analginum, B vitamins, Dimedrol, Novocain, Diclofenac.
  5. Acupuncture, acupressure, exercise therapy (neck exercises) also help well.

Mandatory conduct vitamin therapy. Sometimes they can appoint muscle relaxants.

It is important to know! On the 3rd day of the massage, the pain increases significantly, and by the end of the course they subside.

The connection of cervical osteochondrosis, ischemic heart disease and hypertension

Is there a pathogenetic link between cervical osteochondrosis, coronary artery disease and hypertension?

When considering this issue consider the following.

1) the presence of only radiological changes characteristic of cervical osteochondrosis, without other neurological syndromes, is not essential in the diagnosis of a concomitant disease of the cardiovascular system,

2) there is no strict parallelism between the severity of radiological changes and the clinical manifestations of cervical osteochondrosis,

3) the presence of radiological changes and neurological manifestations of cervical osteochondrosis in patients with cardiovascular diseases, in particular with atypical pain syndrome, indicates only the likelihood of a pathogenetic connection between these diseases.

About the presence of pathogenetic connection between cervical osteochondrosis and cardiovascular disorders is indicated by the appearance of pain in the region of the heart during movements of the cervical spine, upper extremity and its relief after taking therapeutic measures used in osteochondrosis.

Spinal syndromes arise due to circulatory disorders due to vascular compression. There is a syndrome of median (bilateral) ventral compression with conductive or only segmental disorders and one-sided (ventrolateral) compression syndrome when the anterior horn, pyramidal and spinothalamic pathways on the ipsilateral side are involved.

Spinal Circulation Disorders they occur when the vertebral arteries are turned off, their branches are the radicular arteries, the long extracerebral vessels, primarily the anterior spinal artery. Ya. Yu. Popelyansky observed spinal syndromes in 25% of patients who had vascular atherosclerosis in cervical osteochondrosis.

Spinal Vascular and vascular root disorders may manifest as vascular radicular and vascular radicular spinal syndromes. The resulting myeloischemia is transient, acute (often accompanied by the development of ischemic strokes in the basins of the anterior and posterior spinal arteries and their branches) and chronic, occurring in the form of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, lesions of the anterior (by the type of subacute poliomyelitis), lateral (by the type of lateral sclerosis of the Shtruman). ) and rear pillars.

Sometimes occurs compression and the spinal cord itself. This is observed with significant prolapse of the disk, combined with the development of reactive changes in the vessels and spinal cord membranes in the form of pachymeningitis.

Many authors rightly emphasize great importance of cervical osteochondrosis in the occurrence of VBSN (A. P. Zinchenko, Ya. Yu. Popelyansky, A. M. Irokhorsky, A. Yu. Ratner, G. A. Akimov et al.).

Under our by observation there were 230 patients with HSD. In 65 of them, transient disorders of cerebral circulation developed on the background of hypotension, in the rest - on the background of normal blood pressure and hypertension.

All patients underwent neurological ophthalmologic and otoneurological examination. X-ray of the skull and cervical spine. In a number of patients, rheography, bulbography and angiography were used, as well as spinal fluid was examined.

Cause of development circulatory disorders were: atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels, cervical osteochondrosis, lesion of blood vessels of the brain stem of infectious-allergic origin, a combination of atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels and cervical osteochondrosis. The symptomatology of circulatory disorders in the vertebrobasilar basin is more diverse than with lesions of the carotid artery.

With HBV, neurological disorders may be transient (with chronic circulatory failure, leading to dyscirculatory encephalopathy) or persistent (with the development of stroke).

Transient circulatory disorders in the vertebro-basilar basin, symptoms such as decreased vision, double vision, ptosis, confusion and loss of consciousness, impaired memory, hemiparesis, dysarthria and dysphagia, sensory disorders on the face, limbs or half of the body, dizziness, vomiting, staggering when walking are characterized , headache. Each of these signs is not specific. The occurrence of such bilateral intermittent symptoms as a blackening in the eyes and a narrowing of the visual fields, dysarthria, dysphagia or dizziness confirms the diagnosis of HSDI.

So, according to E. V. Schmidt. alternating syndromes were found only in 0.25% of patients with transient circulatory disorders.

Headache in patients with HSD wore a permanent or paroxysmal character, in 17% of patients it was combined with pain in the ears. The headache in most cases could be triggered by turning or drooping of the head. In about half of the patients, it was one-sided, often appearing at night or in the morning. In most patients, the pain began in the cervico-occipital region and extended anteriorly to the masto-temporal, parietal and frontal regions with irradiation to the eye and ear, paroxysmal pain was often accompanied by cochleovestibular disorders (tinnitus, dizziness, spontaneous nystagmus, nausea, etc.) .

How is cervical osteochondrosis related to blood pressure?

Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine can significantly impair the quality of life, especially in combination with various complications. Quite often, the disease leads to hypertension, which causes a violation of blood circulation in the brain and unpredictable consequences.

Why osteochondrosis of the cervical spine causes hypertension?

Arteries pass through the cervical spine, carrying blood with nutrients and oxygen to the brain that are dissolved in it.

Degenerative changes in the vertebral discs cause the growth of bone tissue and changes in the shape of the vertebrae, which leads to squeezing of blood vessels and poor nutrition of brain cells and oxygen starvation. As a result of hypoxia, the area of ​​the medulla oblongata, which is responsible for blood pressure, sends signals to increase the pressure in order to compensate for insufficient blood supply.

Consequently, cervical osteochondrosis and blood pressure are directly interrelated.

Hypertension most often develops if the fifth or seventh vertebra is deformed.

Symptoms of hypertension in cervical osteochondrosis

The increase in pressure in osteochondrosis of the cervical region indicate:

  • frequent headaches, starting in the neck and occipital zone and extending to the temples, forehead and areas adjacent to the ears and eyes,
  • most often pain occurs only in one half of the head,
  • mainly headaches develop after long work associated with the tension of the neck muscles, as well as after sleeping in an uncomfortable position,
  • during head movements there can be crisp sounds, noise and ringing in the ears, dizziness, blackening in the eyes and the appearance of "flies",
  • numbness of the shoulder girdle and fingers,
  • change in breathing
  • Redout.

The fact that hypertension is caused precisely by cervical osteochondrosis is evidenced by the lack of results in the use of pain medication.

Features of treatment

Cervical osteochondrosis and blood pressure, when combined, negatively affect each other and significantly worsen the patient's condition. Therefore, therapy should take into account the peculiarities of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine and hypertension.

Since nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that are used in the treatment of osteochondrosis, reduce the effectiveness of drugs recommended for hypertension, they try not to use them.

Effectively lower the pressure of drugs. Most often used vestigo and askofen.

Hirudotherapy has an effective result. providing a beneficial effect on the course of both diseases.

It is recommended to resort to the help of massage and therapeutic exercises. They return the vertebrae to their places and remove muscle spasms, contributing to the restoration of blood flow, and therefore, the normalization of pressure. But physical training and manual procedures should be under the control of a vertebrologist or a neurologist, so as not to get the opposite result.

Reduce blood pressure and help folk methods, in particular rubbing. To prepare the solution for rubbing, iodine and camphor oil are mixed in equal amounts (10 milliliters each). Then add alcohol (250 milliliters) and analgin (10 tablets). Leave to infuse for 10-20 days. The resulting tool rubbed neck.

Also for rubbing, you can use Hypericum oil.

But in order to effectively cure cervical osteochondrosis and normalize blood pressure, it is necessary to use a comprehensive treatment.

Can blood pressure rise from cervical osteochondrosis?

Could osteochondrosis of the cervical spine cause hypertension? The link between hypertension and osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is not obvious, since these two diseases belong to different systems of the human body. Hypertension - an increase in blood pressure, a condition fraught with dangerous complications, up to myocardial infarction, stroke and other serious diseases. Osteochondrosis - dystrophic changes in the intervertebral discs, usually caused by a sedentary lifestyle.

However, there are a number of factors that suggest the existence of a link between these two diseases. In patients with osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, pressure may rise. In addition, if recently hypertension (and its complications such as stroke) have become “younger”, that is, the number of cases of disease has increased in young people, then exactly the same dynamics can be traced among patients suffering from osteochondrosis of the cervical spine. So, can cervical osteochondrosis cause hypertension?

Classification of arterial hypertension (hypertension)

There are two types of arterial hypertension (hypertension):

  • hypertension when an increase in blood pressure is not associated with diseases of other organs (endocrine glands, kidneys or heart)
  • secondary (symptomatic) arterial hypertension, which is based on diseases of other organs and systems causing hypertension. Secondary hypertension can be endocrine, hemodynamic, pulmonogenic, central. With this type of hypertension, it is necessary to fight the treatment of the disease that caused it. In some cases, the patient's pressure indicators return to normal after cure of the underlying disease.

The widespread belief that there are patients who have an individual well tolerance of elevated blood pressure (which is not necessarily treated for hypertension) is wrong. Complications of hypertension are extremely dangerous for those people who suffer it badly, and for those who experience high blood pressure levels relatively easily (or do not even know about their illness). Therefore, regular examinations and adequate treatment contribute to the fact that the pressure does not rise above normal values.

The mechanism of hypertension

How and why can the pressure rise with cervical osteochondrosis? A vertebral artery feeds the brain along the spine.In the case of pathological changes in the spine, which diagnose osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, the patient may have edema of the soft tissues surrounding this artery, spasms of the neck muscles, as well as displacement of intervertebral discs. All these causes often lead to an increase in pressure on the vertebral artery, because of which its lumen narrows, the blood flow through it weakens, and the brain begins to lack blood supply. The body is forced to resist these changes by increasing blood flow velocity so that the brain does not suffer from nutritional deficiencies. For this, substances are released due to which the pressure rises, as a result the blood flow increases. And there is a hypertension caused by a cervical osteochondrosis.

Hypertension treatment

Hypertension of the first type are often treated with antihypertensive drugs. However, in the case we are considering, such treatment is not effective: although the pressure stops rising, as a result, the brain begins to experience nutrient deficiencies. Such a state is extremely uncomfortable for the patient (weakness and drowsiness, blurred vision, fainting is possible) and dangerous for the brain: he suffers from oxygen starvation. That is why drugs that drastically reduce blood pressure are ineffective and even harmful in this case.

So, if hypertension is caused by pathological changes in the cervical spine, treatment should go in two directions. First, it is necessary to fight osteochondrosis. If the lumen of the artery is narrowed due to spasm of the muscles of the neck, it must be removed. Modern medicine has an arsenal of tools that solve this problem - both drugs, and physiotherapy, acupuncture, massage, etc. If the compression of the artery is caused by swelling of the soft tissues around it, the doctor may prescribe, besides the above mentioned remedies, diuretics and blood microcirculation correctors. If the patient has an intervertebral hernia, after its removal, blood pressure is normalized without additional effort. And in most cases, the doctor will prescribe a number of activities aimed at combating osteochondrosis: physical therapy, chondroprotectors, physiotherapy, etc.

Secondly, simultaneously with the treatment of the spinal column, blood pressure should be gradually normalized. The doctor prescribes vasodilator drugs that help improve the blood supply to the brain. It is important to carry out activities of the first and second directions in the complex: in this case, the probability of cure is much higher.

Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis

Undoubtedly, an experienced doctor should diagnose and prescribe treatment of high blood pressure caused by osteochondrosis (or other reasons). However, in conclusion, let us designate the symptoms of osteochondrosis and some of its prerequisites, so that you know what you should pay attention to and in which case you should consult a doctor. So, experts note that osteochondrosis is "younger" due to the growing number of people working at the computer. In addition, lack of exercise and an abundance of stress also contribute to this disease. If you are at risk, be sure to remember the following symptoms: frequent headaches and dizziness, pain in the shoulder, arm or neck, constant or frequent numbness of the fingers. If they are characteristic of you, your neck is bothering you and lately you have often had pressure, you should consult a doctor and continue to look after your health.

Be sure to consult a doctor before treating illnesses. This will help to take into account individual tolerance, confirm the diagnosis, ensure the correctness of treatment and eliminate negative drug interactions. If you use prescriptions without consulting a doctor, this is entirely at your own risk. All information on the site is presented for informational purposes only and is not a medical aid. All responsibility for the application lies with you.

Pathogenesis of occurrence

There are certain mechanisms for the formation of hypertension on the background of osteochondrosis. This is especially true of the lesion of the cervical region, since the vertebral artery passes through the canal formed by the transverse processes of its vertebrae. Blood circulates through it, heading for the brain.

When the artery is compressed by osteophytes or herniated discs, there is a decrease in the blood supply to the head, which leads to hypoxic phenomena in the medulla oblongata and the midbrain.

It is there that the cardiovascular center is located, which is responsible for the level of pressure in the arteries. If the blood flow to the brain is disturbed, then vascular tone and blood flow velocity increase compensatory, in order to ensure the function of vital systems.

And in the future, other mechanisms join, providing a stable relationship between hypertension and osteochondrosis.

In addition, cervical osteochondrosis is often accompanied by symptoms that, during long-term existence, cause considerable suffering to the patient, lead him out of the usual rhythm of life.

This in itself can be one of the psychogenic factors of hypertension. This is the formation of a vicious circle, which can be broken only with timely access to a doctor.

The main function of the spinal column is to depreciate (soften) sharp fluctuations during movement, walking, jumping. The load at the same time falls on the intervertebral discs, which play the role of a gasket that prevents direct contact (friction) between the vertebrae.

The vertebral artery supplying parts of the brain (medulla, cerebellum, part of the cerebral cortex), as a result of destructive changes in cervical osteochondrosis, is clamped in part, if not completely.

The supply of oxygen to the brain with blood flow decreases, hypoxia (oxygen starvation) develops.

Blood Pressure Monitor (tonometer)

Signs of inadequate oxygen supply to the brain:

  • dull headaches after long mental work,
  • pain is localized in the occipital region just above the ears, often one-sided,
  • a feeling of "flowing" neck after work, crunching in the cervical region when turning and bending the head,
  • dizziness and general weakness, drowsiness,
  • increase of pressure and pulse rate at increased loads at work and nervous overstrain.

The body of all forces is trying to compensate for this violation, using the "backup" path of the bloodstream and increasing their blood pressure. At the same time signs of hypertension are added to the previous symptoms:

  • vision deteriorates (flies, double vision),
  • there is pain in the eyeballs, aggravated by movement of the eyes,
  • the headache becomes migraine-like and is not relieved by conventional painkillers,
  • the auditory perception is disturbed, i.e. any sound, even the quietest, becomes the strongest stimulus.

Why osteochondrosis provokes hypertension

The cervical region is the most mobile, because it is designed to perform various turns and inclinations. But the consequence of this dynamism is the increased vulnerability of this section of the spine.

The vertebrae are located quite close to each other, so even a slight displacement leads to compression of the vessels, nerve endings. Which leads to jumps in blood pressure in case of cervical osteochondrosis.

The problem is exacerbated by weak neck muscles, they are little involved in any physical exercise.

The neck area is supplied with many blood vessels. With the help of the vertebral artery is the blood supply to important parts of the brain. The appearance of protrusions, osteophytes, disk hernias lead to the disruption of blood access to the tissues of the medulla oblongata. In the medulla oblongata, blood pressure, heart rate, breathing and swallowing processes are regulated.

A compressed vertebral artery causes hypoxia, impulses similar to reduced pressure enter the brain, in response to this an increase in arterial pressure occurs during cervical osteochondrosis.

Who is at risk:

  • people neglecting sports,
  • if there is a history of back and back injuries, scoliosis of any degree,
  • professional athletes and those who are constantly busy in hard physical work,
  • patients with impaired metabolism, obesity.

The average age of patients is 40-45 years.

Important! Osteochondrosis in the acute stage can have a negative effect on the brain. It is necessary to begin a complex, persistent treatment - delay can lead to the development of severe pathologies, incurable diseases.

Cervical osteochondrosis increases pressure due to low oxygen supply to certain brain centers.

The disease manifests itself as follows:

  • there are frequent headaches that are dull and exhausting. Unpleasant sensations are localized behind, most often on one side behind the auricle. Painkillers with little help,
  • after a long stay in a fixed position, you can hear a crunch in the cervical region, the back of your head begins to go numb,
  • fainting, dizziness, nauseous feeling of tiredness, sight and double vision, constant desire to sleep,
  • any nervous and physical strain leads to heart rhythm disturbances, pain in the sternum.

With a chronic increase in pressure, vision problems begin - double vision and darkening in the eyes, pain in the eyeballs with sudden movements. The hearing suffers from the affliction - it rings in the ears, even a quiet sound can cause discomfort.

Sometimes the body can not solve problems with blood supply by increasing the speed of movement of the blood flow. Then he artificially translates cells to lower oxygen consumption. Therefore, the transferred vessels in cervical osteochondrosis can lead to low blood pressure.

Pressure jumps in cervical osteochondrosis

During the period of illness in patients with osteochondrosis of the cervical region, arterial hypertension is often observed. The jumps in blood pressure in cervical osteochondrosis are due to impaired blood flow between the brain and spinal cord. Due to this, oxygen starvation of brain regions occurs. Most often, such jumps are noted during periods of acute illness. They may also indicate the formation of protrusions and intervertebral hernias. An increase in pressure is usually accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • feeling numb hands,
  • dizziness, loss of coordination,
  • headache,
  • blurred vision, sometimes loss of consciousness.

In those cases, if the patient was diagnosed with cervical osteochondrosis and hypertension against his background (elevated pressure), the treatment consists in prescribing drugs for pressure. These tools include tenoric, atenolol, fenigidin. Massage and gymnastics are also shown. A person with this problem should remember, in no case can not engage in self-treatment. This can be harmful to health, and aggravate the course of the disease. It is best to contact a specialist who will prescribe the correct treatment.

In the treatment of osteochondrosis, which is accompanied by hypertension, certain difficulties arise. Relieving pain with traditional nonsteroidal drugs is quite difficult. It is necessary to assign combinations of various drugs and techniques.

Medication Treatment

Drug treatment is aimed at eliminating vascular and neuromuscular syndromes. Complex drugs contribute to the normalization of blood viscosity, improve nutrition and energy metabolism of brain cells.

There are many pharmacological drugs that eliminate the discomfort and reduce pressure. The most effective is the tool "Vestigo". The medicine relieves pain and normalizes blood pressure.

When you change the tone in the neck muscles prescribed mydocalm. In the acute stage of the disease, a muscle relaxant is used as an injection. Then you can receive in the form of tablets.

Combined drug to reduce pressure "Equator" prevents the development of complications of the heart and blood vessels.

Normalize blood circulation and metabolic processes in brain cells with the help of the drug "Cavinton". It dilates blood vessels, eliminates hypoxia.

Important! If the compression of the vessels is caused by a herniated disc, the drug treatment will be ineffective. May require surgery.

Treatment of folk remedies

Independently, you can treat osteochondrosis only after consulting with your doctor. Since the hypoxia that causes the disease, can lead to irreversible consequences.

The best remedies for treatment are bee products. If the disease is in remission, it is enough to take an aqueous honey solution every morning before breakfast.

To prepare it, you need to dissolve 5 ml of liquid honey in 220 ml of warm (not hot) water. It is better to do the solution at bedtime - honey dissolve as much as possible, it will be possible to drink the solution without getting out of bed.

Lemon and garlic

For ingestion can be prepared lemon-garlic drink.

  1. Peel 3 lemons and 150 g garlic.
  2. Grind everything with a meat grinder.
  3. Place the mixture in a 2 l can.
  4. Pour boiling water to the neck.

Drink the infusion is necessary before breakfast for 110 ml. A noticeable relief will come in three days.

Medical compress

Helps to eliminate pain, promotes dilation of blood vessels, better nutrition of the brain.

  • propolis - 25 g,
  • alcohol - 150 ml,
  • honey - 100 ml,
  • aloe juice - 50 ml.

The mixture should be infused for at least 12 hours. Compress should be kept on the neck for 90 minutes.

The procedure can be done before the onset of a noticeable improvement.

Important! Any therapy should be accompanied by sufficient intake of pure water. The minimum daily dose should be 1.5 liters.


To speed recovery, you need to perform a series of therapeutic exercises every day. The complex should be included in the morning gymnastics. And when sedentary work exercises should be done every hour.

  1. Put your hands in the lock, your head should be tilted slightly forward. Press palms on the forehead and resist the head. Each pressing should continue until the score 10. The number of repetitions - 5 times.
  2. Exercise is similar to the first. But palms should alternate between each ear. Head resistance should be felt in the neck muscles.
  3. Tilt your head as far as possible. The neck and shoulders should be completely relaxed. Count to 10, straighten the neck. Repeat 5 times.
  4. Make 5 circular rotations from one shoulder to the other - first to the left, then to the right.
  5. Make turns of the head with the maximum amplitude. First, keep your head straight. Make 10 turns in each direction. Then lower the chin, and make another 10 repetitions to the right and left.


Increased blood pressure leads to overload, spasms, rapid vascular wear. Cholesterol plaques that form on the walls can come off at any time, which will provoke the development of serious ailments:

  • stroke, ischemia,
  • blood clots are formed that can lead to a stroke or pulmonary embolism,
  • aortic wear leads to the formation of an aneurysm,
  • kidneys may suffer from lack of oxygen,
  • increased pressure leads to disturbances on the part of the eyes.

Important! Any of these diseases can lead to temporary disability, disability and death.


The combination of hypertension with osteochondrosis is very dangerous.To avoid unpleasant consequences, it is necessary to sleep only on an orthopedic mattress and it is desirable to purchase an orthopedic pillow. It is necessary to pay due attention to the immunity - more walking, hardening, drinking complex vitamin complexes. Hypothermia should be avoided, especially of the feet and head. It is important to stick to a diet.

Night rest should be at least 6 hours, because with a sleep deficit, pressure surges occur more often. Several times a week it is necessary to carry out fasting days with complete elimination of salt.

Morning exercises and simple exercises during the day, proper nutrition, no stress will help to avoid any health problems.

Causes of pressure increase

It should be understood that most of the reasons why blood pressure rises can also cause the development of destructive changes in the vertebrae. These include:

  • Constant stress.
  • Low motor activity.
  • Overweight.
  • Metabolic disorders.
  • Hereditary predisposition.
  • Circulatory problems.

Regardless of the person’s age, the pressure may increase due to the following reasons:

  • Acceptance of stimulants, which also include tea, coffee
  • The psychological state of man
  • Bad habits
  • Stressful situations
  • Some diseases
  • Overweight
  • Maintain a lack of a rolling lifestyle
  • Metabolic disease
  • Hereditary predisposition

High pressure is considered, which indicators exceed the norm by 10% and higher. The upper value is the reaction of the vessels during compression of the myocardium, the lower value is the pressure in the circulatory system when the heart muscle is relaxed.

Each age has its own blood pressure indicators, which are considered the norm. With a stable and persistent increase in blood pressure, the patient needs the advice of a doctor who will diagnose and prescribe treatment.

Dangerous indicators of blood pressure and their signs

The generally accepted standards of blood pressure are indicators 120/80.

The values ​​in 160/95 represent a danger to the body, since the vascular system must pass more blood and the heart must pump more. Such fluctuations can not pass without a trace for the body, manifesting similar symptoms:

  • tinnitus and throbbing in the temples
  • dizziness,
  • lack of appetite and nausea
  • faint, aggravated by turning the head,
  • acute reaction to light and sound stimuli,
  • numbness of fingers and tingling in bunches,
  • development of tachycardia, when a person feels his own heartbeat,
  • stable headache like migraine.

These clinical manifestations indicate an increased load on the cardiovascular system, which develops due to the infringement of large vessels with the spinous processes of the neck vertebrae.

Reduced pressure in the 80/40 is also dangerous for the body, because it does not allow the organs and systems to receive nutrients, because of which the work of the latter deteriorates. This is manifested as follows:

  • severe dizziness, which increases with movement,
  • loss of vitality
  • weakness in arms and legs,
  • bouts of nausea and lack of appetite
  • inhibition of consciousness
  • slowdown of all vital systems.

No less dangerous is the situation when a person against the background of cervical osteochondrosis appears pressure surges. This process develops according to the following scheme: when the neck moves, the vessels overpressure, which causes the pressure to increase dramatically.

A person's condition is rapidly deteriorating, and the first thing he takes in this situation is to take a horizontal position and relax. Cervical vertebrae are in place, and the blood flow in the clamped vessel is restored, respectively, the pressure decreases.

Such drops are very dangerous, because they occur abruptly, and the body does not have time to adapt to them.

The entire cardiovascular system suffers, and the vessels lose their elasticity.

The patient draws the doctor’s attention primarily to those symptoms that most disturb him. Detailed examination reveals additional signs related not only to osteochondrosis, but also characteristic of arterial hypertension.


The defeat of the cervical spine leads to painful for the patient symptoms. Since the neck is the most mobile part of the spinal column, many manifestations will be associated with its movements, increasing with sharp turns, head tilts. As a rule, such symptoms are characteristic:

  • Neck pain radiating to the back of the head, shoulder girdle, upper limbs.
  • Crunching feeling and friction in the neck.
  • Sense of numbness, tingling in the areas of the cervical innervation.
  • Headaches of a different nature.
  • Dizziness.
  • Restriction of movements in the neck.

Such manifestations clearly indicate changes in the cervical region and force the doctor to prescribe an additional examination to clarify their causes.


The patient may not notice an increase in pressure in osteochondrosis immediately, assuming that headaches are associated with neck problems. However, the first visit to the doctor will allow you to notice the developing hypertension. Such signs attract attention:

As noted above, with this disease, people suffer from frequent headaches, which sometimes can not be removed even by taking analgesics and various anti-inflammatory drugs. The pain becomes stronger during physical exertion, sudden movements, prolonged stay in an uncomfortable position.

Related signs:

  • General malaise, weakness, soreness
  • Increased pressure in osteochondrosis of the cervical spine can cause pain in the forearm, spread to the arm, causing numbness and a slight tingling of the limb
  • Hearing loss
  • Dizziness
  • Noise in ears
  • Possible temporary visual impairment

Hypertensive symptoms are most often noticeable when the cervical osteochondrosis becomes acute, causing the formation of protrusions and vertebral mobility syndrome.

In the diagnosis of the dependence of hypertension and cervical osteochondrosis pay attention to 5 main factors that can provoke fluctuations in blood pressure:

Drug treatment

The basis of the treatment of hypertension is medication. They should be used regularly, and are especially needed for sudden pressure surges. Mostly prescribed such groups of drugs:

  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (enalapril, lisinopril, ramipril).
  • Diuretics (hypothiazide, indapamide).
  • Calcium channel blockers (nifedipine, amlodipine).
  • Beta blockers (metoprolol, bisoprolol).

Disease therapy in this case is complicated by the fact that conventional drugs for relieving pain and inflammation in osteochondrosis can lead to undesirable consequences, since fluid retention occurs and the effect on prostaglandins changes, with the result that the effectiveness of antihypertensive drugs becomes lower.

Physiotherapy procedures and massages that are widely used in cervical osteochondrosis can cause an increase in blood pressure.

Orthopedic products

Before you treat horse racing, you need to find their cause. If the blood circulation changes from cervical osteochondrosis, it is necessary to move to complex measures. Drinking pills for hypertension is not enough. Need to get rid of osteochondrosis.

Necessary to normalize cerebral circulation. To do this, you need to have on hand medications that dilate blood vessels.

Unlike conventional pressure-lowering drugs, they do not slow down the blood flow, but increase the possible access of blood. As a result, the indicators go down, but the brain does not feel starvation.

One of these drugs is Cavinton, which stabilizes the blood supply and metabolism of the brain.

Medicinal remedies such as muscle relaxants, such as Mydocalm or Sirdalud, will help relieve muscle spasms. Excessive muscular tension often becomes the root of the problem of compressed blood vessels.

Choose medications that will fight off puffiness and inflammation. The blood in the veins stagnates, puffiness appears, pinching the arteries.

Here diuretics will help. Inflammation will help defeat nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as Ibuprofen or Diclofenac.


On the question of how to treat pressure in cervical osteochondrosis, you should contact a specialist, because many drugs for pressure or anti-inflammatory drugs can harm, especially with the development of serious complications. For such treatment are commonly used:

  • Muscle relaxants. In case of severe spasm of the neck muscles, parenteral administration is first recommended (subcutaneously, intramuscularly), and then the patient switches to a tablet form.
  • To prevent acute cardiac states, it is recommended to use a combination of drugs with the content of a calcium antagonist and an ACE inhibitor. These substances together cause a minimum of side effects and protect the target organs from damage.
  • A significant role in this therapy is played by drugs that improve cerebral circulation and eliminate the existing symptoms of cerebral insufficiency.

The main symptoms of the disease

Since the manifestation of both diseases is accompanied by non-specific symptoms, it is practically impossible to diagnose them.

In most cases, osteochondrosis of the cervical and thoracic regions affects the pressure. Nevertheless, hypertension will never be a provocateur of this disease. In order to determine whether there is a rise in pressure in violation of the anatomy of the spine, it is necessary to analyze the main symptoms of the disease:

  • the presence of persistent and severe headaches and frequent dizziness,
  • lowering and raising blood pressure in the absence of any reason
  • pain in the area of ​​the arms and shoulder girdle,
  • numb or cold fingers
  • impaired coordination, tinnitus.

There is a close connection between all these symptoms. The neglected state of dystrophic diseases provokes the development of disorders in all internal organs, including the heart.

Spinal Cord Disease Development

The spine performs the function of damping sharp fluctuations that occur during walking, movements and jumps. The main load in these processes falls on the discs located between the vertebrae. They are a kind of pads that prevent friction between the vertebrae.

Permanent increased load provokes a change in the disk structure. It is compacted and becomes fragile. It either destroys it completely, or it significantly depletes the disk body, which causes precipitation and protrusion.

As a result, the adjacent vertebrae interact in a pathological manner. Also, blood circulation and innervation at the site of spinal lesions are impaired. Speaking in medical terms, this is osteochondrosis, which can occur regardless of a person’s age, at any time during his life.

The emergence and development of osteochondrosis has many reasons:

  • inactivity
  • spinal curvature,
  • throwing your legs during a long stay in a sitting posture,
  • features of shoes,
  • congenital anomalies of the spine,
  • getting injured
  • changes in hormone levels,
  • disturbed material exchange,
  • muscle strain,
  • biological aging and others.

Development of hypertension

The main source of blood supply to certain parts of the brain is the vertebral artery. Destructive changes that occur with osteochondrosis in the cervical region, provoke its partial or absolute clamping. As a result, the amount of oxygen entering the brain is significantly reduced. The development of oxygen deficiency - hypoxia.

The signs, the appearance of which indicates a poor oxygen supply of the brain, are as follows:

  • the appearance of dull headaches after long mental work,
  • localization of pain in the neck, slightly above the ears, in most cases on the one hand,
  • The neck that “stiff” after the working day, its crunch during turns or tilts of the head,
  • frequent bouts of dizziness and feelings of general weakness, drowsiness,
  • increased pressure and heart rate in hard work or nervous overvoltage.

To compensate for this pathological disorder, the body uses other vessels to compensate for the lack of oxygen. This greatly increases blood pressure. And in addition to the above features, the following are added:

  • blurred vision
  • the occurrence of pain in the eyeballs, the intensity of which increases during movement,
  • migraine-like pain that cannot be relieved with ordinary painkillers,
  • impaired hearing.

Hypertension, the development of which occurs in parallel with osteochondrosis of the neck, has an extremely dangerous form and is very difficult to treat. In this regard, when the first of these symptoms appear, you should immediately consult a doctor and constantly monitor the state of your blood pressure.

How is the treatment carried out?

The main mistake of the majority of patients is the late appealing to medical specialists.

Treatment of hypertension caused by osteochondrosis, it is possible to carry out at home.

But this applies only to those cases where the level of pressure increase is small and there are no serious consequences.

To remove blood pressure surges, a large number of various medical drugs have been developed. The only circumstance is the presence of concurrent qualified treatment for disorders of the spinal anatomy. The drugs will help to keep the changes in pressure under control, ensure the maintenance of a stable blood pressure and heart rate at adequate numbers.

We must not forget that the treatment of osteochondrosis in the cervical region is carried out using physiotherapy, massage, acupuncture. They are contraindicated at the slightest manifestations of hypertension. In this regard, it is very important to first bring the pressure back to normal, and then begin to engage in manual, reflex and physiotherapy.

Therapy of these two diseases is carried out in three stages:

  1. First of all, they reduce the pressure in the bloodstream and carry out measures to improve the nutrition of the brain with oxygen elements. For these purposes, use of antihypertensives and vasodilators drugs.
  2. This is followed by the elimination of muscle spasms at the site of osteochondrosis. This is done with the use of muscle relaxants, physiotherapy, massage and reflexology.
  3. At the last stage, doctors try to reduce the edematous syndrome in the tissues of the patient department. The most effective and reasoned measures are the conduct of physiotherapy, manual therapy and the use of means conducive to the improvement of microcirculation.

At the same time, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and antihypertensive drugs should not be taken, because the former significantly reduce the effectiveness of the latter.

Preventive actions

Prevention of osteochondrosis and pressure is almost the same. First of all, according to the advice of well-known experts in this field of medicine, it is important to respect the optimal sleep and wakefulness.In addition, it is necessary to minimize a variety of physical and nervous overvoltages, more time to spend in the fresh air. Equally important is proper nutrition and getting rid of all bad habits.

It is necessary to observe the mode of the day, in which there should be systematic morning exercise, which has a weakened character. Also, throughout the entire working or weekend day, it is necessary to organize small pauses in order to take a break from work and do a warm-up.

At the same time, it is very important and necessary to treat your body with care and promptly resort to the help of specialists even with minor ailments.

Medical statistics suggests that the manifestation of the first signs of osteochondrosis and hypertension begins closer to 35 years. But at this period and at this age there is still an opportunity to stop the progression of this process. But at the age of 60 it will be impossible to do this. Therefore, the sooner a person resorts to the help of specialists, the more likely it is to stabilize the pressure and get rid of osteochondrosis.

Watch the video: Cervical Neck StretchesExercises To Do At Home (April 2020).