Whether the treatment of a vertebral hernia is possible without surgery depends on the degree of displacement of the disc and the specificity of the affected area. The thoracic and lumbosacral regions of the spinal column are affected. New growths in this area cause pain and numbness of the limbs. Without surgical treatment of intervertebral hernia is very effective, but requires an integrated approach. Therefore, it is important to seek qualified medical assistance on time.
Intervertebral hernia is a pathological neoplasm due to the displacement of the pulpal nucleus of one of the intervertebral discs. If the disk nucleus begins to move under the influence of an excessive load, it can get into the spinal canal and injure the nerve endings located in the spinal center. The displacement occurs due to the destruction of the fibrous ring and the protrusion of the disc. As a result of this pathology, a complete rupture of the disc may even occur.
The cause of the disease is considered the destruction of the structural components of the spinal column with poor-quality nutrition. As well as the lack of important mineral complexes, congenital anomalies of bone tissue, abnormal load, a sharp change in weight, complications due to sports injuries.
The signs of the disease are affected by the size of the neoplasm, the angle of displacement and the location of the location. In medicine, there are cases when a person does not even know about a hernia. This is explained only by the complete absence of painful sensations and the small size of the hernia, which can be cured by conservative methods.
Symptoms of intervertebral disc herniation in the lumbar spine:
- Pain is localized in the lumbar region and aggravated during exercise,
- Perhaps numbness in the area of innervation of the pinched root,
- Pain extending to the back of the thigh to the buttock from the side of the lesion,
- Involuntary or difficult urination, irregular painful bowel movements,
- In men, potency develops,
- Numbness and tingling in the groin,
- Sudden changes in blood pressure,
- In severe cases, dystrophic processes of the muscles of the lower limbs are diagnosed.
The main symptom of a hernia is severe pain in the lesion of the pathological neoplasm. This is caused by pinching of the nerve endings due to strong displacement.
Herniated disc in the cervical region is accompanied by numbness of the upper body, arms, neck and pain in the hips.
Signs of intervertebral hernia in the cervical spine:
- Pain in shoulder joints
- Headaches, dizziness, hypertension, and the combination of these symptoms with each other,
- Pain in the hands
- Loss of sensation of fingers.
Symptoms of a hernia in the thoracic region are masked as completely different diseases that have no connection with the spine. Patients take pain in the upper part of the abdomen for stomach problems, and tingling in the left side of the chest for heart problems. And only diagnostics can determine the neoplasm and promote the treatment of spinal hernia without surgery.
Treatment without surgery
It is possible to get rid of a hernia of a backbone by means of a conservative and surgical method. However, according to a study by Vroomen and Colleagues, in 73% of cases, patients can cure intervertebral hernia without surgery after 3-4 months of regular therapy. Due to this, the surgical method is considered as a last resort for severe injuries.
Non-surgical treatment of spinal hernia combines several methods:
- Drug treatment,
- Ultrasound therapy:
- Electrical stimulation of nerve endings through the skin,
- Stretching of the spine
- Local cooling (cryotherapy),
- The complex of physical exercises:
- Orthopedic bandage or corset,
- Orthopedic mattress,
- Alternative spinal treatment.
When choosing the right treatment regimen, the main rule is the complete absence of pain in a patient. The whole complex should be discussed with the doctor and exclude possible contraindications that are available in almost all methods of correction of intervertebral hernia without surgery.
The use of drugs is needed to reduce the inflammatory process, prevent pinching of the nerves, and also to eliminate pain. Therefore, the purpose of this method is to return the freedom of movement.
Getting rid of intervertebral hernia without surgery will help the use of:
- Non-steroid drugs (NSAIDs), which are used to reduce inflammation and pain in spinal hernia.
NSAIDs are used in tablet form or in the form of ointments. The introduction of nonsteroidal drugs with a puncture is also quite effective. Indomethacin, Ketoprofen, Diclofenac sodium, Ibuprofen, Aspirin have the greatest anti-inflammatory effects. NVVP quickly improve the patient's condition, and provide an opportunity to relax from pain and discomfort. However, drugs have a negative effect on the gastrointestinal tract, for example, increase the likelihood of peptic ulcer.
- Muscle relaxants with central action.
They are aimed at relaxing the muscular frame of the back, elimination of spasmodic syndrome, which causes severe pain. You need to understand that relaxation medications are able to remove protective tension. Therefore, relaxants are assigned individually for each patient.
- Analgesic central acting.
Narcotic painkillers have strong side effects and are prescribed only with a strong pain syndrome. To reduce the harmful effect on the body, doctors in the treatment of vertebral hernia recommend using ointments and gels of local action. Drugs for neuralgia that effectively eliminate pain and discomfort, but at the same time much safer narcotic anesthetics of central action.
- The novocaine blockade method used to relieve acute pain is the fastest and most effective method.
The pronounced effect lasts about 20 days. It is not recommended to use the blockade method many times, as curing a hernia of the spine in this way does not work out, and the introduction of an analgesic in one area 4-5 times leads to atrophy of the ligaments.
- Corticosteroid injections are an effective method used to eliminate inflammatory processes.
But it is a hormonal agent and requires careful use. Injections do not compensate for natural cortisol, but in stressful situations and inflammatory processes complements it. Recently, the method is often used to get rid of intervertebral hernia without surgery.
Ultrasound and electrical stimulation
Treatment of intervertebral hernia without surgery with ultrasonic treatment is considered an effective and painless method of influencing the area of displacement. The procedure is aimed at reducing inflammation, accelerating blood circulation, increasing the plasticity of tissues and eliminating spasms in the back muscles. Ultrasonic treatment is perfectly combined with other types of therapy, and also promotes healing of a damaged disk without surgery and provides an opportunity to get rid of attacks of excruciating pain.
The method of electrical stimulation is able to remove the sensations of pain and discomfort. Treatment of intervertebral hernia is based on the effect of the authorized dose of electricity on the damaged area. Current pulses can remove pain by stimulating the nerve endings. The procedure is painless and does not require the use of anesthesia. However, getting rid of chronic back pain by this method is not effective enough.
Stretching the spine
Spinal stretching should not be considered as a separate method of treatment, since this method is only able to get rid of intervertebral hernia in conjunction with medical drugs, exercise therapy and manual therapy. The approach to treatment should be extremely careful under constant medical supervision, otherwise serious complications may occur. But the correct therapy significantly reduces the pressure in the intervertebral discs, due to which inflammation and pain syndrome are significantly reduced. For hernia, methods of vertical or horizontal stretching are used.
Vertical stretching has a simple exercise technique. In order for the spine to be stretched, it is necessary to hang on the horizontal bar and the patient’s own weight will do the rest. This method is perfect for self-study and has the most positive reviews. For horizontal stretching, tables are used to stretch the spine, which increase the distance between the vertebrae, which reduces the impact on the pinched nerves.
Whether the intervertebral hernia can be cured with a set of physical exercises at this stage will be advised by the attending physician. Each patient has individual lesions with spinal hernia, and treatment without surgery has its own characteristics.
The exercise program of physical therapy is made taking into account the clinical features, the stage of the disease and the physical condition of the person.
It is necessary to get rid of intervertebral hernia gradually with the help of the correct loads distributed evenly throughout the back. They will help restore mobility, flexibility and stability of the spinal column. Exercise therapy classes are designed for endurance of the patient, and exercises can be performed at home or under the supervision of physicians in the exercise therapy room.
Observation by a doctor is imperative, since it is very dangerous to treat a hernia of the spine without surgery, and improper loading can cause a loss of the intervertebral disc. Even with the positive dynamics of the disease, during the enhanced vertical compression, the intervertebral disk recovers much more slowly. This is caused by strong tension and shaking of the spine. The best solution is to eliminate the vertical load.
Exercises can be performed lying or hanging, thereby less loading the spinal column. Effective sports are:
- Classes in the office of physical therapy,
- Treatment with physiological movements,
- Slow bike rides,
- Hiking and walking, regular and Scandinavian.
Calming stretching exercises and relaxation can help to cure the intervertebral hernia without surgery. They are designed to strengthen all muscle groups that support the spine in the correct position. Very effective in the treatment of hernia massage, manual therapy, visits to physiotherapy and acupuncture.
Circular disk protrusion, what is it?
What is foraminal hernia?
What is the difference between protrusion and herniation of intervertebral discs?
Endoscopic spinal hernia removal
Alternative treatment options
For the beginning, laboratory tests are desirable. For example, MRI can not only find out the exact location of the displacement, but also assess the condition of all spinal structures. In accordance with the findings, the therapist will recommend the best treatment option for hernia.
One of the most common methods of conservative treatment of intervertebral hernia without surgery is traction. Its essence is to create a certain thrust, which eliminates muscle spasm and sets the correct direction for the displaced vertebrae.
When intervertebral hernia traction is carried out in water. This mode is the most benign, especially when it is necessary to relieve pain.
Lumbar hernia traction can be applied in a horizontal position of the patient (usually in specially equipped baths) or vertically (in a deep pool). To create a thrust, a weight is used which increases in weight from session to session.
As an ancillary device for the complex treatment of a hernia, additional means are used, such as a lumbar bandage or a cervical collar. Special corsage fixes the position of the damaged vertebrae and reduces the likelihood of further disc displacement.
When there is an exacerbation of the hernia, wearing a bandage, in combination with drug therapy, significantly reduces pain. And in addition to physiotherapy treatment, corsets accelerate the healing process, as they themselves have a pulling effect.
In addition to the fixation and stretching of the spine, measures are needed to increase blood circulation in the spine and reduce edema of the nerve trunk. For this purpose, use the following non-drug methods:
- cryotherapy (local cooling with nitrogen),
- hardware treatment (ultrasound, magnetic, diadynamic, electrophoretic),
- paraffin and mud baths,
- reflexology (acupuncture trigger zones).
Effectively, intervertebral hernia can be treated with manual therapy. A special massage course, performed by a professional chiropractor, alleviates the suffering of the patient and restores the structure of the spine.
General characteristics ↑
The intervertebral disc is a plate of fibers and cartilage, in the center of which is a gelatinous nucleus surrounded by a dense fibrous ring of connective tissue.
The elastic core of the disk serves as a shock absorber, and a strong ring keeps it within its natural boundaries, preventing the core from spreading and bulging under the pressure of the weight of the human body.
However, due to a number of damaging factors, the fibrous ring loses its strength and cracks, as a result of which the pulpal nucleus of the disc enters the spinal canal and leads to compression of the nerve processes.
Fig .: Healthy disc and intervertebral hernia
Damage to the nerve processes and roots of a certain segment of the spine caused by intervertebral hernia, leads to pain and failure of those organs for which this segment is responsible.
- Intervertebral hernia of the lumbar spine causes pain in the legs.
- Hernia, formed in the thoracic, disrupts the heart and respiratory organs.
- A hernia of the cervical spine provokes the occurrence of headache and pain in the hands.
The direction of the protrusion of the hernia is of great importance.
The most dangerous is a protrusion of a hernia in the direction of the spinal cord, because its injury can be fatal.
Intervertebral hernia treatment methods ↑
Treatment of intervertebral hernia depends on the site of its localization, size, the presence of complications and the stage of development.
Modern medicine offers two methods of treatment: surgical and alternative. It is impossible to unequivocally argue about the effectiveness of one of them and the futility of the other.
Alternative treatments include:
- Massage, physical therapy, spinal stretching procedure,
- Intake of anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs (at least for 3-4 weeks),
- Wearing a soft corset,
- Novocainic blockade
- Electrophoresis with anesthetic drugs,
- UHF-therapy, magnetic therapy,
- Phonophoresis with blood circulation improving drugs.
Photo: therapeutic massage for vertebral hernia
Read more about how to treat intervertebral lumbar hernia, read here.
Why do many people decide to have surgery?
Most often, if a large-sized hernia is detected by MRI results, doctors suggest that you urgently be operated on, convincing the patient that this is the optimal solution to the problem, otherwise "you will not walk" and "you will not be able to control urination and defecation."
At least, it was these arguments that frightened me and those who were treated with me in the ward after diskectomy at one time - this is the name of the operation to remove an intervertebral hernia.
But very often it is the lack of complete information about other methods of treatment that pushes people to take a decisive step.
I have an intervertebral hernia removed. Would I agree to this if I knew well about alternative methods of treating spinal hernia without surgery? It is difficult to answer now.
For me, the following were convincing arguments in the correctness of the decision:
- My intervertebral lumbar hernia was 7 mm.
- She pinched the nerve root, and the pain did not pass more than 2 months.
- The blockade and treatment with anti-inflammatory drugs did not help me at all.
- I no longer felt the feet and could not move without help.
- When a neurologist examined the needle with a needle, I did not feel any pain at all.
- Plus, both the operation and the treatment of intervertebral hernia without surgery cost a lot of money. I had the means to choose one. I didn’t know for sure whether it was possible to get rid of vertebral hernias without an operation using alternative methods, but I was sure about the positive outcome of microdiscectomy - there were several acquaintances who had successfully removed the hernia.
- In addition, for me at that time pain relief was paramount, and after the operation this symptom disappeared immediately, while with other techniques it took time - several sessions.
So let's see with you what is being offered today to get rid of this ailment, besides the operation?
In a situation where conservative treatment of a herniated intervertebral has failed, and the operation is impossible for any reason, treatment of herniated interverte can be helped by folk remedies.
A positive effect can be achieved if you apply red clay. It is necessary to heat up to 37 ° С a lump of clay moistened with water and wrapped in gauze. Clay is applied to the place where the hernia is located, covered and secured with a plaster. When the clay dries, it must be removed from the body.
Sore neck and do not know what to do? You probably have vertebral cervicalgia, and how to treat it, you can read here.
Are you interested in the causes of inter-lumbar hernia? This is written here.
No less effective mixture of mummy and honey. On the spine, pounded with fir oil, is applied a mixture of honey and mummy, dissolved in water. Ingredients must be taken in proportion 1 gr. Mummy on 100 gr. honey The mixture is vigorously rubbed into the spine.
To relieve pain in the intervertebral hernia by using a compress with horse oil. Fat should be applied to plastic wrap, cover with a cloth and put on the spine. The pain will decrease in 1-2 hours. Such a compress can be worn for up to two days.
How to treat at home
Never self-medicate and self-diagnose. At the first sign of pain and suspected intervertebral hernia, you should consult a specialist. He will prescribe the necessary tests and determine the course of treatment. If you do not need hospitalization and will undergo treatment at home - you should follow all the instructions of the doctor.
What is a hernia of the spine
The spine is the main support of the human body. The health of all organs and systems directly depends on its condition. If at least one element fails, the whole structure suffers.
The support of the human body consists of vertebrae and dense cartilaginous formations - discs that ensure the mobility of the entire structure. The fibrous ring surrounds the disk, inside it is the pulpous nucleus. If the coating bursts, its contents fall into the canal where the spinal cord, vessels and nerves are located. This is called intervertebral hernia. The nucleus from the disk is displaced and presses on the roots of the nerves, which causes severe pain and can lead to serious problems with the movement of the limbs or the entire body, disrupting the work of certain organs.
Treatment of hernia without surgery: effective methods
Intervertebral hernia can be called the plague of our time. Every hundredth inhabitant of our planet suffers from it. The disease can cause many problems and even lead to disability, completely immobilizing a person. Therefore, many people are looking for answers to questions related to the treatment of intervertebral hernia. What methods of therapy are used in medical practice? Which ones are most effective? Is it possible to treat a hernia without surgery? What medications will help eliminate unpleasant symptoms? Can I use folk recipes?
In the arsenal of doctors there are several effective methods that can effectively get rid of the disease, without resorting to surgical intervention. But they will be effective only in the initial stages of the disease. In severely neglected cases, the operation can not be avoided. Fortunately, the need for surgical treatment occurs only in 10% of cases.
There are several methods of non-surgical treatment of hernia:
- drug treatment,
- manual therapy
The duration of therapy depends on the stage of the disease, the age of the patient, the presence of other diseases. It can take from one to four months to completely get rid of the disease.
Drug treatment is aimed at eliminating pain, strengthening bones and restoring cartilage. For it to be effective, it is necessary to find out and eliminate the cause of the disease.
The doctor selects medications depending on the symptoms and the patient's state of health.
Usually for hernia prescribed:
- nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs - relieve pain and inflammation,
- analgesics - eliminate pain,
- glucocorticosteroids - remove puffiness,
- muscle relaxants - relax muscles and relieve cramps,
- chondroprotectors - restore cartilage tissue
- biogenic stimulants trigger natural regeneration processes.
Drugs have an effective effect, can get rid of the symptoms of the disease, but with prolonged use detrimental effect on the organs of the gastrointestinal tract. Protectors are capable of minimizing the risks, but when the functioning of the digestive organs is disturbed, they are often powerless. Therefore, it is absolutely contraindicated to engage in self-treatment, which can lead to the development of various pathologies: an increase in the acidity of the stomach, the occurrence of gastritis or ulcers.
The most effective result in the fight against intervertebral hernia will have physical education. It is desirable that the exercises picked up a physiotherapist, taking into account the individual characteristics of the body. Yoga, swimming and walking will also be of great benefit.
Physical exercises activate blood circulation, restore metabolism, strengthen the muscular corset, increase spinal mobility and flexibility.
But so that gymnastics does not cause an exacerbation of the disease, it is necessary to adhere to some rules. You can not make sudden movements, jog, jump, lift weights, do exercises for twisting. If during the performance of any movement pain appears or discomfort occurs, then it should be temporarily abandoned.
This technique is known for a very long time and has proven its effectiveness. But for a long time she was not recognized by official medicine. Now manual therapy is central to the elimination of the pathologies of the musculoskeletal system. But it has a positive effect only if it is performed by an experienced specialist.
Manual therapy relieves stress from the damaged vertebra, relieves pain, provides spinal traction, increases its flexibility.
Leech for a long time been used to treat various pathologies. Now their medical action recognized and official medicine.
Leech placed along the spine. They themselves find sore spots and stick to them. Under the influence of leeches, blood circulation is improved, regeneration processes are activated. Thanks to the small “healers”, many patients managed to avoid surgery.
You should know that only medicinal leeches that are specially grown are suitable for therapeutic purposes. They are sterile and can not lead to infection of the body. Leech can be used only once.
Important attention should be paid to your diet. It must be rational and contain all the vitamins and mineral elements necessary for the body. It is recommended to increase the content in the diet of fruits and vegetables. At the same time, it is necessary to limit the consumption of fatty and salty foods, to abandon alcoholic beverages: alcohol flushes calcium from the body, which is especially needed for people suffering from hernia, to strengthen bones.
Relieve pain and stop the inflammatory process capable of compresses, for example, from Kalanchoe. The leaf of the plant is cut lengthwise and fixed on the diseased area for 8-10 hours (preferably overnight). The only contraindication to the use of such a compress is individual intolerance.
Garlic alcohol compress
A garlic-alcoholic tincture will help to warm the sore spot and relieve tension from the damaged vertebra. To cook it, garlic (4 cloves) is poured with vodka (100 milliliters) and left to infuse for 5 days in a dark place. Then, the resulting solution is impregnated with a soft cloth and applied to the inflamed area. To get the maximum effect, the compress is wrapped in cellophane and a scarf or a scarf (preferably downy), left for 30-40 minutes. Repeat daily.
Honey (60-80 grams) and mummy (5 grams) are dissolved in warm water (20 milliliters). The resulting mixture is applied to the place of localization of the hernia and leave overnight. Repeat every other day for a month.
Honey lotions have analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects.
Treatment of a hernia without surgery will be effective only with an integrated approach and compliance with all recommendations of the attending physician.
Many people mistakenly believe that medications for intervertebral hernia are needed only for pain relief. In fact, drugs are also intended to relieve inflammation, and to restore the intervertebral tissues of the sacral region. As the main alternative treatment without surgery, the therapist may prescribe a whole range of drugs:
- nonsteroidal (anti-inflammatory),
- angioprotectors (improving peripheral blood flow),
- muscle relaxants (reducing the frequency of muscle spasms),
- chondroprotectors (correcting the condition of cartilage tissue).
Of the painkillers, Novocainic blockade is considered the most powerful. It is not only effective, but also long-lasting - it is able to temper pain for several days.
A warning! Pain medication is not a treatment. Rely only on temporary relief is impossible. If you do not pay attention to the cause of the disease, but only to drown out the pain with an anesthetic, sooner or later the atrophy of the ligaments or the entire spine will begin.
For maintenance medication, different groups of vitamins and minerals are recommended. Especially welcome complexes containing potassium, magnesium and the whole group of vitamin B: these elements contribute to the restoration of nervous tissue.
On the horizontal bar
Hanging on the crossbar is considered a good method. Under the weight of its own body, the spine is stretched and leveled. It is advisable to repeat the lesson every day, gradually increasing the session time (start from 1 minute a day, bringing the lesson to 10 minutes maximum).
At the very early stages of the hernia and as a prevention of diseases of the spine, it is allowed to swing the press, hanging on the crossbar head down. But only with the permission of the doctor and in the absence of chronic cardiovascular problems.
Thyme and cinnamon tincture
In the presence of intervertebral hernia, as an anti-inflammatory, help ordinary tincture of thyme or sabelnik (you can mix both components at the same time). Tinctures are sold in pharmacies. Or prepare yourself:
- two tablespoons of dry grass are poured with a small amount of boiling water,
- the infused and cooled broth is filtered and diluted with alcohol (1: 1),
- received hernia medicine is consumed before meals, in a tablespoon.
Good to know! The finished tincture of sabelnik is also used for rubbing the lumbar, sacral or cervical spine into the affected area. This procedure relieves swelling and stops the inflammatory process in spinal hernia.
Traction (spinal traction)
The basis of many modern methods of treatment of hernia without surgery is spinal traction. Speaking figuratively, the essence of the procedure is as follows: the vertebrae are moved apart - the pressure decreases - edema is removed - the hernia decreases - the nerve root expands - the pain recedes.
But this method of treatment causes medical disputes, and there is no definite answer to the question, in what cases can a hernia of a disc be treated in this way?
Spinal traction can be carried out in a vertical position (under the weight of its own weight) and horizontally (with the help of various devices). Also, traction can be done in water: often in clinics and sanatoriums, traction treatment is carried out in baths - traction treatment. Reviews of spinal traction are very common:
- My review is for those who have a spinal hernia - a treatment without surgery is possible! I did the hood in the pool. From the outside it looks like medieval torture. You are vertically suspended by “shackles” around your neck into the water. The spine is stretched due to your weight. Still spend weighting. Hang weights gradually. There should be no one in the pool during the procedure. Any movement of water - an additional load. Many people praise this hernia treatment. Larisa
- You are fastened with corsets (belts) and gradually lowered into the oxygen bath. Breathe easy. A little crush straps that fasten. But under the water can not even hear that you are pulling. After the procedure, you can not walk and sit for about an hour. Mila
- It seemed to me that they would tear me apart like a worm, but I liked the result of the extension, a special technique for treating an intervertebral hernia without an operation. Valentine
- I took a dry stretch course. First, they warmed my back with a massage. After that placed on a special couch (traction table). Before that, they put on a special belt that is attached with hooks to the levers on the bed. Hands are fixed in the forearm area. For legs, the body slowly stretches down. Treated so hernia in the lumbar spine. She declined after 15 sessions. Katya
- My back was very painful after traction. This method did not suit me, I felt worse, although I survived 3 sessions. I even began to hang the load for weighting. After complaints, the procedure was canceled. Yuliya
Bubnovsky technique (kinesiotherapy)
The principle of work of Bubnovsky, who widely practices the treatment of vertebral hernia without surgery: “The man is lazy and weak! You need to make the muscles work! ”
The main focus of this technique is movement, the emphasis on all kinds of simulators that stretch the muscles and make them work. After class, the spine relaxes, blood flow improves.
Regular exercise on these devices relieves swelling, and back pain disappears.
Also Bubnovsky designed a complex that can be performed at home. All this is described in his numerous books, one of which is “Hernia of the spine - not a sentence”. But this method of treatment of a hernia without surgery is also not suitable for everyone:
- I worked on simulators in the center of Bubnovsky for 5 days. With a ball and weights. Everyone tried to stretch my muscles. One night I could not sleep because of severe pain, and in the morning I stopped walking. A day later I was operated on. Of course, the treatment of a hernia without surgery according to Bubnovsky is suitable for many, but, most likely, if there is no exacerbation of the disease. If you have pain, it is best not to engage. And as for the prevention of spinal hernia - an excellent system. Nikolai
So, the examination showed the presence of intervertebral hernia. If at the same time the patient experiences painful pains, his limbs become numb, and he is afraid for his condition in the future, then the operation will help him to get rid of these problems. However, the spine after the operation will never be the same, since the removal of the formation even with a small surgical intervention violates the integrity of the fibrous ring. This means that the risk of recurrence and other complications increases.
If the condition of the patient allows, then first of all, you can try to treat such a dangerous disease conservatively.
Medical therapy of intervertebral formations has been successfully used for several decades. Drugs used in such situations are aimed at restoring the tissue of intervertebral discs. Namely, their destruction and entails the appearance of hernias in this area.
Conservative therapy involves the ability to treat the disease with the help of drugs:
- nonsteroidal drugs with anti-inflammatory action. They do not cure the causes, but for a while they relieve pain,
- muscle relaxants. These drugs relieve muscle tension, improve blood circulation, but not all patients are prescribed such drugs. The fact is that muscle relaxants reduce the protective functions of muscles,
- vitamins of group B. These drugs support the body during the period of the disease, relieve swelling of the nerve roots and strengthen the impulses between the damaged nerves,
- Novocain blockade. This tool facilitates the patient's condition, as it relieves pain for a period of 1 to 3 weeks. However, it is impossible to get involved in such procedures, since they can lead to complete atrophy of the nerves in one or another part of the spine.
About specific drugs used in the non-surgical treatment of intervertebral hernia, should consult with your doctor. Only he can decide which groups of drugs can be used in each case.
To cure the formations that have arisen between the vertebral discs, it is often not enough just drug therapy. There are many additional techniques that help get rid of the pain and hernia that causes them.
Good results are shown by physiotherapy in problem areas. Pathology can be treated with magnetic therapy, ultrasound, electrophoresis with nicotinic acid and other physiotherapeutic procedures. However, you need to be careful and monitor your condition, as in some cases such methods cause edema of the nerve trunks.
Cryotherapy has shown itself to be safer - treatment with liquid nitrogen. The essence of the method is the effect of very low temperatures on the affected area of the spine. This technique improves blood circulation, relieves puffiness, promotes tissue repair, and therefore, helps to cure intervertebral hernia sooner.
Popular and massage. However, it can only be done without exacerbation of the disease, otherwise massaging the affected areas of the spine will aggravate the situation. =
However, if the hernia squeezes the nerve, and because of this, the arms or legs become numb, then they can and should be kneaded and massaged.
It is possible to treat intervertebral hernia with the help of spinal traction. The procedure can be carried out vertically, on a horizontal bar, then the spinal column is drawn out under the weight of the body. You can also produce a pull in the horizontal position of the patient. In this case, special devices are used. This technique is to increase the space between the vertebral discs. This reduces the pressure on the inflamed area and eliminates the swelling, thus the hernia is reduced, the nerve is released, the pain passes.
It is also possible to add therapy with intervertebral formations with acupuncture. The needles are inserted into specific points on the body and act on the nerve endings. Thus, swelling is reduced, tension is relieved. Alas, this method cannot cure hernia. But he relieves pain and relieves the suffering of the patient.
In some cases, good results show physical exercises aimed at strengthening the spine. But to treat the disease gymnastics is possible only after the elimination of pain.
Thus, surgical removal of an intervertebral hernia is by no means the only method of getting rid of this ailment. However, the patient must make a decision based on his condition and the severity of the disease. A good doctor will always help resolve the dilemma - to treat an intervertebral hernia surgically or conservatively.
To prepare a hernia compress, you will need 3-4 heads of garlic. Slices are peeled, crushed on garlic press and filled with alcohol (can be replaced with vodka). The mixture is stored in a glass jar in a dark cool place, not longer than ten days.
The finished mixture is laid on the back (on top of dense tissue), in place of the hernia. From above the compress is covered with a cling film or polyethylene and fixed with a bandage. To enhance the warming and relaxing effect, you can cover a person with a warm blanket (but do not float the body, do not bring it to sweat). The procedure lasts one hour.
The unloading period, when a person refuses food, is a universal remedy for many diseases, including intervertebral hernia. Freeing the body from the process of digesting food, a person launches hidden reserves and internal forces that contribute to the speedy recovery.
You can not ignore and downplay the body's ability to heal itself. This resource has more powerful potential than many people think. The main problem is to start the mechanism.
Fasting with hernia lasts 2-3 days. During this period, you need to drink plenty of clean water (non-carbonated), often in small portions. On the third or fourth day, you can start drinking chicken or potato broth. The next day, boiled vegetables and white meat are added to the menu. A day later - dairy products.
The intervertebral disc is fragile, unfortunately. With age, the risk of its protrusion, displacement and inflammation increases. This is due to the lack of healthy nutrients in the body, the lack of full physical activity, excess weight.
To prevent the appearance of intervertebral hernia can be, having mastered the recommendations of doctors:
- Organize a balanced diet. Exclude spicy, fried and fatty dishes of your menu. Diversify the diet with raw vegetables and fruits. Do not forget about vitamins, greens and plenty of drink.
- Normalize body weight. Extra pounds add strain to the spine and increase the pressure on the discs. To achieve the goal will help in diet and gymnastics.
- Avoid sleeping on soft surfaces. The mattress should be orthopedic, medium hardness.
- Do not forget about charging. You can spend 5-10 minutes to warm up several times a day: in the morning, after working at the table, closer to bedtime. You can hang on the bar for several minutes.
Well, if you have the opportunity to enroll in the pool. Swimming is an excellent prevention of hernia and other back problems. Water relaxes muscles well, relieves tension from the back and even has a slight effect of stretching the spine.
A warning! During the period of exacerbation of hernia, swimming and other sports can damage. Before returning to active life, you need to cure inflammation and relieve swelling.
After the hernia is already in the past, for preventive purposes it is necessary to continue to be monitored by a neurologist and annually undergo a course of maintenance therapy. And then you can safely live a healthy life - without surgery and without a hernia.
Treatment of starvation with intervertebral hernia is carried out for 5-7 days. Relief comes after three days of this treatment. Abstinence from food allows the body to lead to a state that can withstand the recovery procedures. The basis of this method is the theory that the starving organism begins to use unnecessary resources. Therefore, a week without food will not only hurt the body, but also help to significantly ease back pain.
Diet for intervertebral hernia requires adherence to special rules:
- To drink more - at least 7.5 liters of water per day,
- Take warm baths
- Do not watch TV or read books, as episodes will surely appear there that will cause a feeling of hunger. Best of all is more sleep or board games.
- Reduce physical exertion.
If you follow the simple rules after a week of fasting, the patient’s condition will allow you to switch to other methods of treatment.
Novocainic blockade with the use of corticosteroid drugs effectively relieves the suffering of the patient. The blockade lasts from 1-3 weeks. If necessary, a week later it is repeated. During one course of treatment, no more than 3-4 novocaine blockades are performed. It should be remembered that the blockade only relieves pain, but does not eliminate its causes.
Intervertebral hernia massage cannot be performed at the very beginning of the exacerbation.. You can only entrust this procedure to a qualified specialist. Massage technique consists of small nuances that provide high efficiency of this method. Massage is carried out gently with great care.
The patient should not experience pain. If the procedure is performed incorrectly, further ruptures of the disc may occur, which will increase muscle spasms and cause even more edema of the nerve trunks. And all this is already an indication for surgery.
In case of intervertebral hernia, the following types of massage can be performed:
- full body massage
- therapeutic massage of the vertebral department,
- segmental back area massage,
- can massage,
- Thai massage.
Spinal hernia treatment without surgery
In order to begin treatment, it is necessary to diagnose: x-ray, MRI. As a rule, it is their conclusion that will help to see the whole picture of the disease and correctly make a diagnosis. Without this, you should not begin any procedures or take medications.
So, if the diagnosis is “spinal hernia”, treatment without surgery is possible in the following ways:
- Bed rest, limiting any loads.
- Reception of medicines.
- Manual therapy
- Exercise therapy, yoga.
- Stretching the spine.
- Folk methods.
- Laser treatment.
- Auxiliary methods.
To choose the right measures, consultation of a competent neurologist is necessary. As a rule, treatment of intervertebral hernias without surgeries should be carried out comprehensively, by several methods at once, in some cases - in stages.
Consider some ways to get rid of hernia in more detail.
In the first days after the appearance of the hernia, bed rest is necessary; in the next few months, it is necessary to reduce the load on the spine to a minimum. At this stage, you will also need medical treatment to reduce pain, relieve acute inflammation. While it is advisable not to start gymnastics, massage. But magnetic therapy can improve the effect of the drugs taken.
Treatment of spinal hernia without surgery with medication should be prescribed and under the supervision of a physician.
Among the drugs that are prescribed to relieve inflammation, pain syndrome - "Ibufen", "Aspirin", "Acetaminophen". In some cases, use a strong painkiller - steroid injections. They help the drug to penetrate the inflammation and quickly alleviate the symptoms. True, this tool does not work for a long time, and often it can not be used - no more than three times a year.
Novocainic blockades with the addition of B vitamins help many patients with hernia. They relieve spasm, swelling, inflammation, relax muscles, reduce pain. Together with the blockade, vitamins A, C, E, D are prescribed, as well as calcium to restore the bones, strengthen the ligaments, and regenerate tissues.
Treatment of intervertebral hernias without operations with the help of medicines will be effective at the initial stage of the disease, but this method alone cannot cure completely - after it you need to proceed to the restoration and strengthening of the main support of the skeleton. You will need stretching, gymnastics, massage, physiotherapy.
Is surgery required?
In any case, it is necessary to consult a qualified specialist. If the disease is not running, and you promptly went to the doctor, then, most likely, you can do without surgery.
Usually, conservative treatment is applied to the treatment of intervertebral hernia using modern techniques and drugs.
Treatment of hernia of the spine (intervertebral) without surgery is very desirable to complement the traction. This method is simple, effective, possible at home. The essence of the method is simple - when the spine is stretched, its bone elements cease to press on each other, the discs level out, blood circulation improves, muscles return to normal, inflammation decreases. If you perform this procedure every day, you can completely get rid of back problems.
Traction is water and dry, horizontal and vertical. All these types of effective, selected individually.
Water traction is considered softer and more gentle. This procedure is carried out in special baths or a pool, the first sessions are without load, the following are with its addition and a gradual increase in weight.
Dry stretching in treatment centers is carried out on special horizontal or vertical tables. Such devices allow to carry out the procedure painlessly and effectively. To improve the condition, you need at least 10-15 sessions.
Treatment of spinal hernia without surgery at home with traction can be performed on a horizontal bar - it is worth hanging on it for several minutes a day. Also, this procedure is possible on Evminov's dispensary or a regular long board, which is inclined and fixed - you need to clasp the upper edges with your hands, and your feet should not touch the floor. You can use the bed. Bricks are attached to the legs to provide traction, and the chest is wrapped around the sheet and pulled up to the headboard.
This simple method has proven itself very well both in Russia and abroad. You can find more than one positive feedback on the treatment of vertebral hernia by the traction method. This procedure helped a lot to return to a full life.
Exercise therapy, massage, physiotherapy, reflexology
Treatment of an intervertebral disc herniation without surgery will not be complete without physical training and courses of a special healing massage. It is desirable that the complex exercise therapy helped to find a specialist, since the same exercises will not work for everyone, and may even harm.With a hernia, some elements of physical education are contraindicated - for example, sudden movements, jumps, twisting of the body. Exercise therapy should be done often - 3-5 times a day.
It is advisable to supplement gymnastics with massages or alternate courses to achieve maximum results. The specialist must be chosen with experience so as not to worsen the situation. Massage warms up the muscles, they become supple for exercise therapy. In turn, gymnastics strengthens them, returns elasticity, and also helps stretch the spinal column.
It is worth knowing that classes should not cause pain. If a person feels it, you must first remove the acute inflammation with medicines, stick to bed rest. And already at the second stage, the treatment of hernia of the spine without surgery with the help of massage and exercise therapy is a proven and effective way.
Physiotherapy, namely electrophoresis, electrical stimulation of muscles, phonophoresis, magnetic therapy, are aimed at eliminating inflammation in the discs, nerves, improve blood circulation, strengthen muscles. These methods do not apply in the period of exacerbation.
Reflexology is also effective in treating hernias. Special needles are inserted into the places of muscle spasm, it relaxes them. Also, using reflexotherapy stimulates certain points on the body, which activates the internal reserves of the body and allows you to recover faster.
Vertebral hernia treatment
Vertebral hernia is more often formed in the lumbar region or neck and has many symptoms:
- pain in the legs, shoulders, lower back, heart, chest, under the shoulder blade,
- numbness of fingers and toes,
- blood pressure drops
- dizziness and headache
- memory disorder.
Conservative treatment of hernia of the spine involves physical therapy and exercise. Events are held only during remission and depend on many factors. But there are general recommendations for any type of vertebral hernia:
- Physical Education. Medical gymnastics is the basis of therapy for such a hernia. Proper and regular exercise strengthens the muscles of the spine.
- Traction Swimming promotes stretching of the spine, the release of a pinched nerve. It is advisable to swim a crawl or on the back. Traction with cargo can also be carried out in specialized clinics or sanatoriums.
- Yoga. Do better under the supervision of a coach. Yoga effectively eliminates pain, promotes stretching and flexibility of the spine.
- Acupuncture. The procedure favorably affects the blood circulation, reduces pain, improves immunity.
- Massage. It is applied only as prescribed by a doctor, as in some forms of hernia it can aggravate the situation.
- Folk remedies. Herbal compresses and tinctures improve blood circulation and hernia metabolism. Internal reception of decoctions has anti-inflammatory and relaxing effect.
The essence of this method is “movement therapy”. The main task of kinesiotherapy is to strengthen the muscular system, bone regeneration, complete restoration of motor functions after injuries and diseases, as well as the prevention of any diseases. The founder of this method, Dr. Guthard (USA), believes that only movement can trigger all the processes of regeneration of the body, and its absence can disrupt the functioning of the systems and organs of the human body.
Kinesiotherapy has been gaining popularity lately - specialized centers have appeared throughout the country. To assign exercises, the specialist conducts a test that determines the condition and capabilities of the patient's body. After that, an individual set of classes is assigned - on simulators, balls and other devices.
When a person is worried about hernia of the spinal disc, treatment without surgery with kinesiotherapy is quite safe, effective, simple method, with almost no restrictions - it is suitable for both children and the elderly.
If there is a vertebral hernia, folk treatment without surgery can also help to cope with the problem.
Broths, ointments, warming compresses are used to relieve pain.
Red clay will help to get rid of hernias: it is soaked, warmed up to 37 degrees and put in gauze on the desired area. For a compress, you can use horse fat - it needs to be smeared over the film and applied to the sore spot, covered with a cloth. This remedy relieves pain well. There is also a recipe for ointment from mumiyo dissolved in water and honey (1: 100). The spine is rubbed with fir oil, and after - with the prepared mixture.
The following means is used for ingestion:
- Spoon chamomile brew a glass of boiling water, drink half a cup a day.
- According to the same recipe, a decoction of aspen bark is prepared, but it is boiled for an hour, and consumed in the same way.
- Honey mixed with aloe, take a teaspoon 5 times a day.
As a rule, folk methods can alleviate the suffering, but not completely cure the hernia. For recovery will need a whole range of measures.
One of the newest and most effective ways to eliminate hernia is a laser treatment. Such an effect is not an operation, it passes painlessly, under local anesthesia.
During the month after treatment with a laser, you need to wear a corset and limit the load on the spine. Massages, physical therapy, physiotherapy during this period can not be performed.
There are two methods of laser treatment:
The first method is to heat the disk (this activates the growth of cartilage). After 3-6 months after the procedure, the new cells completely restore and renew it.
The prioritization involves evaporation of a liquid from a disk under the action of a laser, as a result of which the hernia is reduced. However, such a procedure can be carried out only for people under 35 years old.
Treatment of hernia with a laser has not yet become popular, as this method is quite new.
Herniated intervertebral discs are treated without surgery successfully in combination with methods such as hirudotherapy, cryotherapy, wearing a corset or collar. These methods are best used as additional.
Hirudotherapy is the most ancient remedy used for many diseases - treatment with leeches. Small healers are placed at special points along the line of the spine. This method helps to improve blood circulation, saturate it with oxygen, remove congestion, dissolve blood clots, stop spasms.
Cryotherapy consists in cooling the diseased part of the body with liquid nitrogen. It helps to remove edema, restore tissue, improve blood circulation.
In combination with different methods of treatment and use of aids - corsets, collars. They help the muscles to relax and at the same time provide the vertebrae with a stable position. As a rule, they should be worn for a long time.
Do not despair if you have been diagnosed with intervertebral hernia. Treatment without surgery - and a 100% result is guaranteed if you turn to a competent specialist and select a set of measures. This unpleasant disease can be eliminated even at home. Do not rely only on doctors. Much needs to be done independently: perform exercises, wear a corset or collar, limit the load on the spine. For the recovery will need the desire and all the efforts of the patient.
No need to rush to the operating table immediately. Nowadays, treatment of spinal hernia without surgery is real.
Needles are inserted into certain points on the body that the specialist knows. Edema is removed, the nerve root is pinched, and pain is relieved. This method is not always effective in the treatment of hernia of the spine in the advanced stage, but you can remove pain during exacerbations with the help of needles. That is, it is not possible to recommend this treatment as an alternative to sympaty.net. But many people who have hernias practice using needle applicators at home.
Few have heard about the treatment of hernia with plasma - a new method of getting rid of a hernia without an operation. The procedure is carried out on an outpatient basis. With the help of a thin electrode, which is inserted into the area of the hernia, the place where the protrusion is placed is burned into the cartilage by the plasma. Plasma treatment is painless, the person goes home the same day.
This technique is more effective for the treatment of displaced discs, but also provides an additional effect of "pulling in" a small intervertebral hernia. The vacuum helps to gently pushing the compressed discs apart, a liquid flows into the resulting space, which begins to feed the disc, and it restores its volumes.
Instead of conclusion
There are other techniques that are used to treat a hernia without surgery. But, as one doctor said, with acute pain caused by a hernia, the patient begins to rush from one extreme to another - looking for better ways how to cure a hernia without surgery? But the acute pain subsides gradually by itself within 3 months. Treat a small hernia disk is not necessary.
What can the patient do in 3 months? He treats a hernia with a stretch - does not help, lies on needles - does not work, is engaged on simulators - zero effect. And then he goes to the healer and - lo and behold! - saved hernia from a herniated disc. Not! Just passed the time.
After all, walking in search of a better method of treating a hernia without an operation could begin in the reverse order with a healer, and then spinal traction would help.
It is better to treat hernia before it appears! Monitor your health, perform special exercises for the spine, and you will not need any operations.
This is the most complex type of vertebral hernia, formed due to complications in people suffering from long swelling or disc herniation. This stage is characterized by the prolapse of the pulp of the disk nucleus into the zone of the spinal canal, where the nerves are located. In addition to acute pain, this hernia can lead to compression of the spinal cord and, as a result, paralysis.
Treatment of sequestered hernia is complicated by its location. Physical therapy for acute pain is contraindicated, and methods such as taking anti-inflammatory and pain medication are simply not possible to apply to the affected area. Therefore, the effectiveness of traditional therapy with sequestered hernia is much lower than with conventional.
For relief of pain, novocaine injections are prescribed. They relieve swelling and inflammation of the nerve, which greatly facilitates the patient's condition. The effect of novocaine is fast, but short-lived, so after a while a second injection is required.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed at the very beginning of treatment in order to relieve inflammation in the strangulated nerve root. The drugs do not eliminate the hernia, but only relieve the symptoms, besides they have side effects, so they are used for no more than two months.
Manual therapy, massage and physiotherapy is used only in case of displacement of the joints between the vertebrae. These methods should be used with caution, as rough manipulations can provoke a spasm and complicate the situation. Gymnastics is recommended only after the disappearance of pain. In the acute period it is recommended to use the lumbar bandage.
Umbilical Hernia Treatment
This type of hernia is formed due to intra-abdominal pressure resulting from stretching the ring in the umbilical region. The causes of this phenomenon are different: weight lifting, violation of the functions of digestion, obesity. In women, a hernia can occur as a result of pregnancy, in children it can be congenital. The disease is characterized by attacks of acute abdominal pain and nausea.
Umbilical hernia is treated with folk remedies. It is desirable that the patient does not have excess weight, as this may impede the absorption of drugs. Apply the following recipes for treatment:
- Gryzhnika grass. Steamed and cooled plant is applied to the hernia for half an hour.
- Larch bark. In half a liter of boiling water you need to fill five tablespoons of bark and boil four minutes. Apply the compress three times a day.
- Salt. In a linen cloth put a spoonful of salt, soaked and, slightly pressing down, put on a hernia.
Tincture of oak. Leaves, bark and acorns are crushed and poured into a bottle. Then pour grape wine and kept in the dark for 20 days. Warm infusion rubbed hernia.
- There is a very effective tool for which the following ingredients are needed: honey, iodine, propolis, butter (homemade).
The treatment is carried out in several stages:
- a spoonful of honey is applied to the hernia, covered with a cloth and fixed with a plaster. Compress withstand all night, in the morning wash off with warm water,
- an hour later, in place of a hernia, they draw a circle-shaped iodine grid,
- after drying, iodine is applied with melted butter mixed with propolis, allowed to soak, the remains are washed off with warm water. The tool is used until the complete disappearance of the hernia.
Treatment of inguinal hernia
A hernia is a protrusion of the abdominal organs in the cavity of the inguinal canal, if its walls are weakened. Manifested by pain while walking and dysfunction of the excretory systems. The causes of this disease is difficult to establish. Bulging can easily provoke excessive physical exertion and even prolonged cough. In children, hernia is congenital and is hereditary. Only at the initial stage it is possible to cure such a hernia without an operation, therefore it is necessary to diagnose the disease as soon as possible.
Alternative treatment should be directed to relieve pain and reduce the hernia in the natural space with the help of various tools and techniques. Pathology treatment is carried out under medical supervision and includes:
- Wearing a bandage belt. Prevents pinching of the hernia during physical exertion, facilitates movement. It is not recommended to wear constantly, as the muscles of the back and abdominal region stretch and weaken, which can lead to new diseases.
- Swimming and running. Swim and run is necessary under the supervision of an instructor. Such loads strengthen muscles, help to improve the general condition and prevent relapse. When running it is recommended to use a bandage in order to avoid possible infringement.
- Physiotherapy. Exercises are performed in three sets: 20 minutes in the morning, 30 minutes in the afternoon, and 40 minutes in the evening. The complex of exercises is aimed at strengthening all abdominal muscles and enhancing the mobility of the diaphragm. To avoid relapse, gymnastics must be performed constantly.
- Folk remedies. Broths and compresses are used to prevent and stop the growth of education. It is recommended to use these methods in conjunction with other activities and after consulting a doctor.
To cure a hernia can be such means:
- Sagebrush. One spoon of the herb is poured with boiling water (200 ml) and infused. The bandage is moistened in broth and applied to the protrusion.
- Rye bread. Chop garlic and bread and mix. The mixture is applied to the place of the hernia.
- Sauerkraut. Gauze dipped in cabbage brine, impose overnight on the place of protrusion. You can attach a whole pickled leaf. The tool helps to relieve pain.
- Apple vinegar. In a glass of water dilute vinegar (2 spoons) and wipe the sore spot. Used to prevent infringement.
Hernia is a very capricious disease that requires constant attention. It is important not to miss the moment and start prevention on time.
When treating a hernia without an operation, it is unacceptable to ignore such measures as gymnastics, physiotherapeutic procedures, and an active and healthy lifestyle.
These simple activities will help keep hernia under control and prevent its progression.